The Old Testament as Classical Philosophy

Classical Philosophy

Epistemology

Physics and Metaphysics [3]

Ethics

Politics

The School of Athens by Raphael

The Old Testament as (Classical) Philosophy

The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo

The Fundamental Story of Genesis

  • Our relationship to God — We are made in the image of God. This means that our relationship to him can be best described as obedient sonship and vice-regency (other articles are needed to substantiate this claim). As sons, we resemble him, we obey him and and we represent his rule.
  • Our relationship to others — God made us male and female in the image of God. This was revolutionary for Eastern religions: man and woman are of equal worth. Genesis 1 establishes both the unity and diversity of mankind: we are meant to carry out our task as image-bearers together.
  • Our relationship to the world —As humans we are distinct from the rest of creation because of our creation in God’s image. In the Middle East an image of the king was put up to indicate his rule over that area. In the same way, humans represent God’s rule over the earth.

Epistemology: Covenant and Revelation

Physics and Metaphysics: Creation and Monotheism

Ethics: Covenant and Character

God is no arbitrary lawgiver. That’s because ethics are ultimately grounded in metaphysics: in his holy character.

Politics: Covenant and Kingdom

Philosophy & Theology

‘The Hebrew Scriptures present themselves as a work of divinely revealed ancient philosophy.’

Endnotes

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store